Question: What Are 2 Specific Actions You Can Take To Help Avoid Infectious Disease?

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Here are the 5 Rules of Thumb that if maintained can actually prevent and cut down the risk of acquiring any lifestyle disease : Diet (less carbohydrate, more protein, less oil) : …

Regular exercise: …

Abstain from Substance Abuse: …

Control weight: …

Control Blood Pressure and Sugar:.

Which is the best strategy for avoiding chronic diseases?

How You Can Prevent Chronic DiseasesEat Healthy. Eating healthy helps prevent, delay, and manage heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and other chronic diseases. … Get Regular Physical Activity. Regular physical activity can help you prevent, delay, or manage chronic diseases. … Avoid Drinking Too Much Alcohol. … Get Screened. … Get Enough Sleep.

How can infectious diseases be controlled?

Infection control standard, contact, droplet and airborne precautions. Procedures for decontamination of persons and disinfection of equipment and the environment. Quarantine of contacts (if necessary) Prophylaxis of exposed individuals.

What are 3 ways to get a infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are caused by organisms (germs) such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites….Person to person spreadthe air as droplets or aerosol particles.faecal-oral spread.blood or other body fluids.skin or mucous membrane contact.sexual contact.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the five signs of an infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

What is the most effective level of infection control?

They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients. Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

What is the most important method of preventing infectious disease?

Wash Your Hands -The single most important way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to wash your hands. Most infections, particularly the common cold and gastroenteritis, are contracted when our germ infested hands come in contact with our mouths.

What are the top 10 lifestyle diseases?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus. … Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. … Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases. … Tuberculosis. … Cirrhosis.More items…

What precaution can you take in your school to reduce the incidence of infectious diseases?

Teach good hand washing practices. Clean and disinfect classroom materials and surfaces. Provide reminders in daily announcements about preventing the spread of germs and illnesses. Adopt healthy practices, such as safe handling of food and the use of standard precautions when handling body fluids and excretions.

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization. 2.1. 8 Cleaning: A process which physically removes infectious agents and the organic matter on which they thrive but does not necessarily destroy infective agents.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.