Is ETC Acceptable In Formal Writing?

Does and/or mean both?

The main reason for using and/or is to remove the ambiguity of whether and means “only both” and whether or means “only one.” And/or explicitly means “it could be one of these or both of these.”.

How do you avoid and in a sentence?

If you don’t want to start sentences with conjunctions, you are free to do so. A simple way to do it would be simply to stop using and, but, and or to connect clauses or phrases. Connecting words, between two words, or before the last of a list of words, OK: I saw Bill and Bob at the picnic.

How do you end a sentence with a quote?

Sentence-ending punctuation is a whole different story. In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.

Is etc used in academic writing?

It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing.

Is etc a professional?

Re: “etc” and “so on” in formal writing “Et cetera” is perfectly acceptable, etc. is simply the contraction and, in my view, equally acceptable.

Can etc be used in formal writing?

All authorities agree that etc. is out of place in formal writing. The Chicago Manual of Style says that etc. “should be avoided, though it is usually acceptable in lists and tables, in notes, and within parentheses.” John B. Bremner’s Words on Words says, “Use it informally, if you really must.” Theodore M.

What is ETC short for?

Et cetera (English: /ɛtˈsɛtərə/, Latin: [ɛt ˈkeːtɛra]), abbreviated to etc., etc, et cet.,&c., or &c, is a Latin expression that is used in English to mean “and other similar things”, or “and so forth”.

What does and/or mean in a sentence?

also and orAnd/or (also and or) is a grammatical conjunction used to indicate that one or more of the cases it connects may occur. It is used as an inclusive or (as in logic and mathematics), while an or in spoken language might be inclusive or exclusive.

How do you end etc in a sentence?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

What can I use instead of ETC in formal writing?

A good way to test whether etc. is appropriate is to substitute “and so on” or “and so forth.” If those synonyms make sense, you can use etc. You should never use “and et cetera.” Remember, et means “and.” “And et cetera” is redundant. Usage note: Don’t use a comma after etc. if it is at the end of the sentence.

What does ETC mean in finance?

exchange-traded commodityAn exchange-traded commodity (ETC) can offer traders and investors exposure to commodities like metals, energy, and livestock. Traded in shares on exchanges like shares of stock, prices fluctuate in value based on price changes of the ETC’s underlying commodities.

What does ETC mean in reading?

et ceteraEtc is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase et cetera (meaning “and the rest”). In English, it is pronounced as the entire phrase (even if it is abbreviated). The “c” in “cetera” is soft in modern English, so it sounds like an “s”.

How do you write etc in academic writing?

This rule is quite simple. If you use “etc.” in the middle of a sentence, and it is not enclosed in parentheses, then you must use a comma after the abbreviation. If it is in parentheses in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence, no comma is needed.

Is and or acceptable in formal writing?

Please do not use “and/or” in either formal or informal writing. In common English, the “or” is a “non-exclusive or” which means “either A or B, or A and B”. When I say “I can have a banana OR I can have coffee” then I am also OK with having both. Having a banana does not prevent me from having coffee.

How do you use etc and eg in a sentence?

Rule #1: Don’t use e.g. and etc. together because you wouldn’t use for instance (meaning as an example) and then use and so on (meaning others); both phrases imply the names you named were just a part of a group. For example, “e.g. apple, oranges, etc.”

How do you say etc in English?

The Latin term et cetera (“and the rest”) is usually written as two words in Canadian English. However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct. The abbreviation for this term is etc. (Note that the c comes last; the misspelling ect. is a common error.)